Legal Requirements

 

The legal requirements for each of our courses are explained below, since requirements vary according to the licence,rating or course!

Within each of the sections below, you will find information about licence, rating or course, required completion timescales, limitations on the number of sittings available to complete the exams, and exam locations.

Click on each of the content headings below to be taken to that section. At the end of each section, there is a link back to the contents here.

Contents

PPL(A) Licence
IMC-IR(R) Rating
Infringement Avoidance Course
Night Rating
PPL Updater



PPL(A) Licence

Course Information

There are (unfortunately) some hoops you need to jump through in order to complete the necessary requirements for your licence and in addition to your flying training.

These relate to the study for and taking of the necessary exams, and are explained as concisely as we can below.

You will need to study for, and pass a total of nine written exams. The subjects are:

  • Air Law & ATC Procedures
  • Operational Procedures
  • Aircraft General Knowledge
  • Principles of Flight
  • Meteorology
  • Human Performance & Limitations
  • Navigation
  • Communications (Radio Telephony)
  • Flight Performance & Planning

In addition, you will also need to pass the following practical (oral) test:

  • Communications (Radio Telephony)
Pass Mark

The pass mark for each exam is 75%. This is also the pass mark for our own on-line exam associated with this course.

Failures & Resits

Each exam location has a maximum of three different exam papers for each of the subjects. These three papers per subject are common throughout all exam locations in the whole of the UK.

If you fail to pass the exam for a subject after three attempts, you will need to undergo further training, and then apply to sit  a fourth attempt at a central or regional centre as specified by the CAA.

Should you fail the fourth attempt, you will need to enter a 3 month cooling off period, and all previous exam passes in all subjects will be declared null and void. In other words, you will have to start the exam process all over again.

Timescales

All of the exams must be passed within a period of 18 months counted from the end of the calendar month when you first attempted an exam.

For example:
If you sit your first exam on the 2nd June 2016, you would have until 31st December 2017 to pass all exams.

If you fail to pass all exams within the 18-month period, you will need to enter a 3 month cooling off period, and all previous exam passes in all subjects will be declared null and void. In other words, you will have to start the exam process all over again.

At the successful completion of all exams, all exam passes will remain valid for a period of 24 months dated from the last exam sitting date.

Sittings

You must have passed all exams within a total of 6 sittings.

A sitting is defined as a 10-day period commencing when you sit your first exam in that sitting period at an examining location.

Note that you may not re-sit a failed exam within the same sitting.

If you fail to pass all exams within 6 sittings, you will need to enter a 3 month cooling off period, and all previous exam passes in all subjects will be declared null and void. In other words, you will have to start the exam process all over again.

Exam Locations

You may only sit exams at a location registered with the CAA, who have been approved to hold the required Exam Papers.

These locations will also have an approved Ground Examiner who will act as invigilator, and who will mark your exam paper.

The exam location will normally be the same as your flight training organisation.

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IMC-IR(R) Rating

Course Information

This is a Formal Rating that can be added to an existing Pilots Licence. The rating is valid for 25 months from the date of test. Revalidation or Renewal is by passing the Flying Skills Test.

The Instrument Rating (Restricted) is otherwise known as the Instrument Meteorological Rating (IMC). The name depends upon which licence you are adding the rating to.

This rating (which is only valid in UK Airspace), allows you to fly under Instrument Flight Rules (IFR), in cloud, and perform instrument approaches in suitably equipped aircraft to suitably equipped airfields to the Rating minima. It can only be added to a full UK PPL, or an EASA PPL .

It's a great rating to have as a "just-in-case" back-stop - especially considering the UK weather!

Our training is comprehensive, and prepares you not only for the written exam, but also provides you with superb good practice, and tips and tricks that make your piloting life easier all round.

This is one exam where you will be time-constrained (even though it's a 2 hour exam) and you'll find you have to know your subject really well, and be very adept with the pilots "whizz-wheel" to ensure you don't run out of time! We will make sure you are up to speed before we let you sit the real exam though!

It's also a great stepping stone to the Full Instrument Rating if that's your ultimate goal.

Pass Mark

The pass mark for the official written exam is 75%. This is also the pass mark for our own on-line exam associated with this course.

Failures & Resits

Each exam location has a maximum of three different exam papers for each of the subjects. These three papers per subject are common throughout all exam locations in the whole of the UK.

If you fail to pass the exam for a subject after three attempts, you will need to undergo further training, and then apply to sit  a fourth attempt at a central or regional centre as specified by the CAA.

Should you fail the fourth attempt, you will need to enter a 3 month cooling off period, and all previous exam passes in all subjects will be declared null and void. In other words, you will have to start the exam process all over again.

Timescales

You may take the Flight Skills Test and the written (theoretical knowledge) exam in any order.

However, the time validity for each are as follows:

  • Written Exam: Valid for 12 months for the Skills Test, and 21 months for the issue of the rating
  • Skills Test: Valid for 9 months
Sittings

There are no sitting requirements for this rating.

Exam Locations

You may only sit exams at a location registered with the CAA, who have been approved to hold the required Exam Papers.

These locations will also have an approved Ground Examiner who will act as invigilator, and who will mark your exam paper.

The exam location will normally be the same as your flight training organisation.

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Infringement Avoidance

Course Information

A fantastic course for both those who have infringed (and are preparing for the CAA Infringement Test), and for those who do not want to infringe in the first place (i.e. every pilot)!

There is no legal requirement to undertake this course apart from self-preservation, and good airmanship.

This course will update your knowledge base and ensure you are using the best techniques to keep yourself out of trouble!

Pass Mark

This subject does not have an official written exam. However, the pass mark for our own on-line exam associated with this course is 75%.

Failures & Resits

This subject does not have an official written exam, therefore there are no restrictions in this area.

Timescales

There are no timescale requirements for this subject.

Sittings

There are no sitting requirements for this subject.

Exam Locations

There are no exam location requirements for these subjects.

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Night Rating

Course Information

A course for both those pilots who wish to gain a Night Rating, or for those pilots who already hold a Night Rating and need to get up-to-date with changes in legislation!

There is no legal requirement to undertake this course since the required knowledge is part of the original PPL(A) theoretical subjects. However - be wary about being out of date all you "old hands" out there!.

This course will update your knowledge base and ensure you are using the best techniques to keep yourself out of trouble!

Pass Mark

This subject does not have an official written exam. However, the pass mark for our own on-line exam associated with this course is 75%.

Failures & Resits

This subject does not have an official written exam, therefore there are no restrictions in this area.

Timescales

There are no timescale requirements for this subject.

Sittings

There are no sitting requirements for this subject.

Exam Locations

There are no exam location requirements for these subjects.

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PPL Updater

Course Information

A brilliant course aimed specifically at existing pilots.

This course will bring your knowledge right up to date covering changes in legislation, procedures, and advances in best practice. You won't regret doing this course!

Pass Mark

This subject does not have an official written exam. However, the pass mark for our own on-line exam associated with this course is 75%.

Failures & Resits

This subject does not have an official written exam, therefore there are no restrictions in this area.

Timescales

There are no timescale requirements for this subject.

Sittings

There are no sitting requirements for this subject.

Exam Locations

There are no exam location requirements for these subjects.

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