Legal Requirements

 

There are (unfortunately) some hoops you need to jump through in order to complete the necessary requirements for your licence and ratings in addition to your flying training.

These relate to the study for and taking of the necessary exams, and are explained as concisely as we can below.

Within each of the sub-headings below, we explain the requirements for both Basic (Private Pilots Licence) and Advanced (Additional Ratings and Further Training) Courses.

To obtain more information, click on one of the headings below, or to expand/collapse all headings, click

Course Information

PPL(A) Licence

You will need to study for, and pass a total of nine written exams. The subjects are:

  • Air Law & ATC Procedures
  • Operational Procedures
  • Aircraft General Knowledge
  • Principles of Flight
  • Meteorology
  • Human Performance & Limitations
  • Navigation
  • Communications (Radio Telephony)
  • Flight Performance & Planning

In addition, you will also need to pass the following practical (oral) test:

  • Communications (Radio Telephony)
 

IMC-IR(R) Rating

This is a Formal Rating that can be added to an existing Pilots Licence. The rating is valid for 25 months from the date of test. Revalidation or Renewal is by passing the Flying Skills Test.

The Instrument Rating (Restricted) is otherwise known as the Instrument Meteorological Rating (IMC). The name depends upon which licence you are adding the rating to.

This rating (which is only valid in UK Airspace), allows you to fly under Instrument Flight Rules (IFR), in cloud, and perform instrument approaches in suitably equipped aircraft to suitably equipped airfields to the Rating minima. It can only be added to a full UK PPL, or an EASA PPL .

It's a great rating to have as a "just-in-case" back-stop - especially considering the UK weather!

Our training is comprehensive, and prepares you not only for the written exam, but also provides you with superb good practice, and tips and tricks that make your piloting life easier all round.

We can also prepare you for the IMC-IR(R) Flight Skills Test via our Easy PPL Flight Training services. Click here to be taken directly to the relevent page.

This is one exam where you will be time-constrained (even though it's a 2 hour exam) and you'll find you have to know your sujbect really well, and be very adept with the pilots "whizz-wheel" to ensure you don't run out of time! We will make sure you are up to speed before we let you sit the real exam though!

It's also a great stepping stone to the Full Instrument Rating if that's your ultimate goal.

 

Infringement Avoidance

A fantastic course for both those who have infringed (and are preparing for the CAA Infringement Test),and for those who do not want to infringe in the first place (i.e. every pilot)!

There is no legal rquirement to undetake thos course apart from self-preservation, and good airmanship.

This course will update your knowledge base and ensue you are using the best techniquesto keep yourself out of trouble!

Use this course in conjunction with in conjunction with our Easy PPL Flight Training Infringement Avoidance Course.

 

Pass Mark

The pass mark for all exams is 75%.

 

Failures & Re-sits

PPL(A) Licence

Each exam location has a maximum of three different exam papers for each of the subjects. These three papers per subject are common throughout all exam locations in the whole of the UK.

If you fail to pass the exam for a subject after three attempts, you will need to undergo further training, and then apply to sit  a fourth attempt at a central or regional centre as specified by the CAA.

Should you fail the fourth attempt, you will need to enter a 3 month cooling off period, and all previous exam passes in all subjects will be declared null and void. In other words, you will have to start the exam process all over again.

 

IMC-IR(R) Rating

Each exam location has a maximum of three different exam papers for each of the subjects. These three papers per subject are common throughout all exam locations in the whole of the UK.

If you fail to pass the exam for a subject after three attempts, you will need to undergo further training, and then apply to sit  a fourth attempt at a central or regional centre as specified by the CAA.

Should you fail the fourth attempt, you will need to enter a 3 month cooling off period, and all previous exam passes in all subjects will be declared null and void. In other words, you will have to start the exam process all over again.

 

Infringement Avoidance Course

Although we do have a course assessment (long answer exam, not multitple choice), this is not a course that is assessed by the CAA.

However, if you are using this course in preparation to take the formal on-line CAA Infringement Test, then we are certain you stand every chance of success if you are able to complete the assessment exam associated with this course.

 

Timescales

PPL(A) Licence

All of the exams must be passed within a period of 18 months counted from the end of the calendar month when you first attempted an exam.

For example:
If you sit your first exam on the 2nd June 2016, you would have until 31st December 2017 to pass all exams.

If you fail to pass all exams within the 18-month period, you will need to enter a 3 month cooling off period, and all previous exam passes in all subjects will be declared null and void. In other words, you will have to start the exam process all over again.

At the successful completion of all exams, all exam passes will remain valid for a period of 24 months dated from the last exam sitting date.

 

IMC-IR(R) Rating

You may take the Flight Skills Test and the written (theoretical knowledge) exam in any order.

However, the time validity for each are as follows:

  • Written Exam: Valid for 12 months for the Skills Test, and 21 months for the issue of the rating
  • Skills Test: Valid for 9 months
 

Infringement Avoidance Course

There are no timescale requirements for this subject.

 

Sittings

PPL(A) Licence

You must have passed all exams within a total of 6 sittings.

A sitting is defined as a 10-day period commencing when you sit your first exam in that sitting period at an examining location.

Note that you may not re-sit a failed exam within the same sitting.

If you fail to pass all exams within 6 sittings, you will need to enter a 3 month cooling off period, and all previous exam passes in all subjects will be declared null and void. In other words, you will have to start the exam process all over again.

 

IMC-IR(R) Rating

There are no sitting requirements for this rating.

 

Infringement Avoidance Course

There are no sitting requirements for this subject.

 

Exam Locations

PPL(A) Licence

You may only sit exams at a location registered with the CAA, who have been approved to hold the required Exam Papers.

These locations will also have an approved Ground Examiner who will act as invigilator, and who will mark your exam paper.

The exam location will normally be the same as your flight training organisation.

 

IMC-IR(R) Rating

You may only sit exams at a location registered with the CAA, who have been approved to hold the required Exam Papers.

These locations will also have an approved Ground Examiner who will act as invigilator, and who will mark your exam paper.

The exam location will normally be the same as your flight training organisation.

 

Infringement Avoidance Course

There are no exam location requirements for this subject.